Find signs and symptoms of heat stroke in dogs and how to treat heat stroke. Learn what are the factors that cause heat stroke in dogs, how to determine symptoms of heat stroke in dogs for timely treatment and ways to prevent heat stroke in dogs. And also find out how your dog regulates body temperature naturally.
Every summer, hundreds of dogs are rushed to the veterinarian urgently. The reason for this is the heat stroke of the dog in hot weather. It occurs quickly enough and can be very serious for dogs health. How can we prevent the possibility of its appearance in the summer heat? The best way to prevent the possibility of a heat stroke is to learn to recognize the symptoms that precede the occurrence of this problem. Today you will learn how to recognize the symptoms of heat stroke at the very beginning.
What is a heat stroke in a dog
Thermal shock is considered to be a condition that is caused by a number of factors and leading to a dangerous increase in the temperature of the dog. Sometimes the increase in body temperature is so great that the animal is no longer able to control its body. The first indicator of the threat of heat stroke is the animal’s attempts to cool down. In this case, the dog will drink a lot, and look for a cool place. If the dog does not have the opportunity to drink water and hide from the heat, then she is guaranteed to have a heat stroke.
How do dogs regulate body temperature
People regulate body temperature with sweating, but dogs do it a little differently. Dogs do not sweat the way people do, although a small amount of sweat stands out on their paw pads. The main way that dogs regulate their temperature is breathing, when the air cools the body from the inside, as well as drinking water, which both moisturizes and cools the body.
What factors lead to a thermal shock
Thermal shock occurs exclusively during the hot season. But one heat for this is not enough. To get a heat stroke, the dog must be prone to several other factors that limit the animal’s ability to lower the temperature of his body. Such factors may be increased activity in the heat, which contributes to body temperature, lack of shade, lack of water or air. The latter reason is especially common in dogs of brachycephalic breeds, for example, pugs and bulldogs.
The main reasons for the appearance of heat stroke: excessive activity and outdoor games in hot weather; long walks under the scorching sun, even when the dog moves at its usual pace; stay of the animal in a closed car or other hot places with a limited amount of air; lack of free access to water or irregular use of water; no shadow or any other cool place where the animal could hide from the summer heat.
Sign and symptoms of heat stroke in dogs
If you have carefully mastered all the conditions under which a heat stroke occurs, and try to make sure that your pet does not find himself in such difficult conditions, then, most likely, you will avoid problems with the heat stroke of your pet. Particular attention should be paid to dogs of brachycephalic breeds, as well as to overweight, and to dogs with long hair. These animals are more prone to heat shocks. In order to recognize the symptoms of heat stroke at an early stage, we will become acquainted with its symptoms.
Sign and symptoms of heat stroke in dogs:
- Difficulty breathing, even at rest, as well as other manifestations of problems with breathing.
- The dog try to breath with his mouth, at the same time overturns his head.
- Bright red marks, the color of which is much brighter than usual.
- Disorientation and confusion of the animal.
- The dog suffer from dehydration and dizziness.
- The dog has dry and hot skin.
- Fainting and immobilized animal condition.
- Weakness and swaying while walking.
- Dense saliva resembling a sticky consistency.
- Bright red color of the auricles of the animal.
- Bright red or pale gums.
- Vomiting and diarrhea is seen in dogs.
- The manifestation of behavior indicating the discomfort of the animal.
- Body temperature of pet reaches over 40 degrees Celsius.
Treatment and prevention of heat stroke in dogs
The first signs that your dog is not able to cope with the heat on its own, as a rule, are increased body temperature, shortness of breath, disorientation and dehydration. You can easily check if your dog is dehydrated. To do this, it is necessary to clamp the hairless area of the animal’s skin with a large and index finger. If the animal is dehydrated, the skin returns to normal form for a very long time.
Very often dogs that have already begun to develop a heat stroke refuse water. That’s why you should make sure that your pet is drinking enough water in sultry weather. If the dog is in the initial stage of a heat stroke, then it’s up to you to bring it to normal before it finally gets a heat stroke. To do this, it is necessary to immediately lower the body temperature of the dog. Do this by any possible means. You can wrap an animal in a damp towel and change it as soon as it warms up. Another, easier way to put the dog in a cool place. You can also use fans, this will ensure good air circulation, which helps to lower the temperature. One way to lower the temperature is to place the dog in front of an open refrigerator or under an air conditioner.
Keep a dog insufficient cool during hot summer days can be quite a challenge. When it is hot in the room, outdoors, and the whole daylight day, there is not even a respite from the heat, there can be not only a problem associated with overheating but also the difficulty of providing sufficient physical exertion for the dog. Dogs regulate their body temperature in the same way as we do, but it’s important not to forget about their warm wool, so it’s no surprise that the hot weather for dogs becomes even a bigger problem than for their owners. With a real threat of heat stroke or dangerous overheating during the summer months, many dog owners are facing.
A heat stroke in a dog can even lead to death, which is why the animal that received it needs the immediate assistance of a veterinarian. Taking the necessary measures to prevent the occurrence of heatstroke, first of all, you will protect the summer walks of the dog and can avoid unnecessary troubles with the treatment of your pet.