Here are the signs and symptoms of pancreatitis in dogs and how to diagnose it. Learn to identify the signs of pancreatitis as early as possible before it gets serious.
Normally, the enzymes of the pancreas do not harm the body, starting to work only outside of it, in the duodenum. Pancreatitis in dogs develops if, for some reason, the enzymes stagnate in the body and activate inside it, which leads to the destruction (literally, self-digestion) of the pancreas. And the further this process goes, the more difficult it will be to restore the health of your pet. Therefore, it is important to notice the illness in time and urgently go to the clinic.
Causes of pancreatitis
To understand the causes of the onset, first of all, you need to pay attention to the digestive system of the animal. Regardless of the breed, the digestive system has one structure.
The pancreatic tract of the animal forms enzymes that can cope well with raw meat. If on the animal’s menu, mistakes occur systematically, the dog’s body experiences a permanent malfunction in the digestive gland.
In other words, if the owners constantly feed the dog thoroughly cooked meat, different smoked products, sweets and canned foods, the enzymes simply do not go anywhere. Gradually, the pancreas loses its ability to protect itself from digesting the produced juice, which, in the truest sense of the word, gradually begins to eat it from the inside.
It is for this reason that the dogs begin to show primary signals, which are hard not to notice. As a rule, difficulties with diagnostics appear at a chronic stage. Its symptoms can develop in the role of concomitant diseases after surgery on the intestines, enteritis or cholecystitis.
Signs and symptoms of pancreatitis in dogs
The acute form begins to manifest spontaneously and is expressed by the onset of severe pain. In such moments it is hard not to replace the suffering of the animal. To facilitate the health of dogs can only experience veterinarians, so any self-treatment can aggravate the situation.
In general, the manifestation of any form may resemble other diseases. However, there are signs that even a person far from medicine will be able to recognize pancreatitis.
About the presence of the disease can tell the following symptoms:
- The dog refuses to eat, and sometimes even refuse to drink water.
- There are frequent vomiting, which are intensified after eating.
- The animal is suffering from diarrhea. Against the background of the above troubles, the dog sharply loses weight.
- Characteristic of the occurrence of dehydration. To check this, you should carefully examine the mucosa of the mouth. In that case, it will be absolutely dry.
- Dog constantly scratches it skin because of itching.
- The body temperature rises. Often, it is diagnosed in cases where the acute stage appears as a result of intoxication with harmful bacteria.
- The wool or hair starts to fall out or becomes dim.
- Feces change their structure, from too hard, to creamy.
- The mood of the dog changes rapidly, and for this, there are no reasons. The dog can refuse to sleep, walk, preferring to lie in a dull condition.
- From time to time, the dog has bloating. This can be understood by carefully examining the dog’s belly. The front wall of the abdomen feels tense.
- Dehydration in dog. Pancreatitis is characterized by loss of fluid in the body, because of which the dog begins to drink a lot of water.
- Swollen abdomen, hard to the touch. If you touch it, the dog whimpers or whimpers, it obviously hurts her. In the abdomen, there are perceptions and murmurs.
- Heavy breathing, heart palpitations, fever. When looking at the eyelids and lips, you can see the yellowing of their mucous membranes.
- An inflamed pancreas in a dog can no longer produce insulin, so sugar in the blood rises. If you do not take into account the symptoms of pancreatitis, an inexperienced doctor may decide that the pet has diabetes mellitus.
- When you feel your stomach (but you need to put the pet on your back) to the left of the navel, the four-legged member of the family will experience severe pain.
Any of these signals is the reason for contacting the veterinary clinic, where the primary health check of the dog and quality diagnostics will be carried out.
The chronic form lasts a long time, and the symptomatology itself is rather blurred, and in some cases completely absent. For this reason, complications may occur, as it is at such times that the pancreatic tissue gradually breaks down.
In advanced cases, the dog may develop necrosis of the pancreas, which can lead to peritonitis. Without surgery, the animal may die.
Sometimes there is still sepsis (blood poisoning). In some cases, there is a tightening of the bile ducts.
Diagnosis of pancreatitis in dogs
Competent diagnosis is half the treatment. The only problem is that the cases of four-legged friends with analyzes are not at all like those of people. For example, if a person has a lot of amylase and lipase in their blood, this is a clear signal about the presence of pancreatitis. And the sick dog with the analysis will be all right. Therefore, in addition to the blood test, the pet will have to undergo many other medical procedures, namely:
- Analysis of urine
- X-ray of the abdominal cavity
Among other things, the animal is subjected to visual inspection like palpation.
It is not necessary that the dog will have to undergo the whole complex of studies. What kind of tests should be given to the pet will be determined by the veterinarian, based on the results of the initial examination. Only after the data on all procedures are collected, a full treatment of pancreatitis in the dog will begin.
Treatment of pancreatitis
If the disease is still overtaken by the dog, the owner must stop feeding. This is necessary to stop the production of enzymes in the pancreas. Doctors strongly recommend giving the animal herbal infusions and ordinary water, as the disease causes dehydration.
If the animal is suffering from lethargy, loss of appetite, diarrhea and vomiting, the host must immediately stop feeding and try to observe the condition of the dog. If after this, his state of health remains the same, you should show the animal to the doctor. When facial exacerbation of pancreatitis, characterized by vomiting, chills, gas and diarrhea, the dog needs urgent hospitalization.
The main method of treating the disease is a diet in which there should be no fried, spicy and fatty foods. All food should be easy for the stomach, diluted, with a mild flavor, cooked with cooking.
Prevention of disease
If you carefully look at the contraindications in the nutrition of any kind of dog, you can see that all veterinarians in one voice say you cannot feed the animal with food intended for humans. Therefore, the menu should not contain anything sweet, fatty, smoked, salty or spicy.
Due to the fact that the dog’s digestive tract is initially set up for the cleavage of raw meat, the owners must remember that this product is required to be present in the dog’s menu. Meals must be balanced.
Along with the raw meat of the dog, it is necessary to systematically give vegetables and fruits, wiped with the help of small graters, and light cereals made from different types of cereals. It is very important that at least 30% of proteins present in the diet are not only eaten by raw meat, but also from eggs and fermented milk products. If the dog has a genetic predisposition to the disease, veterinarians recommend giving him funds that support the pancreas. However, self-prescribed drugs are not recommended. The fact is that sometimes they just need a vitamin course, after which the well-being of dogs noticeably improves.