Find the best way to treat a dog’s torn paw pad at home. Learn what to do in case your dog injured his paw pad and how to take care of injuries. Find what to do if your dog burns paw and how to prevent injuries on paw pad.
A wound on the paws of a dog, received because of any reason, is a phenomenon not considered a rarity in veterinary practice. This trauma gives the animal pain and discomfort, which causes the dog to stop playing games and moving.
Pads on the paws of dogs are thick enough and soft, they provide grip and prevent slipping. These pads also protect the bones and joints of the legs from the loads during walking and running. Another important function of the pads is to protect the legs from extreme weather conditions like cold and heat.
First aid for paw cuts
First of all, do not panic and examine the paws of the dog. If she cut the cushion is shallow, the wound can be treated on its own without asking the veterinarian for help. However, there are some nuances that you should be aware of in order to avoid undesirable consequences.
The first thing to do is to trim the hair of the dog in the injured area (this is especially true for the long-haired species) so that it does not enter the wound and thus does not provoke the inflammatory process. Then the cut is thoroughly washed under clean running water to remove hairs, dirt and foreign objects like glass and other debris. Wadded disks cannot be used, since small particles of cotton wool get into the wounds, which, in turn, can provoke suppuration of the wound. To stop bleeding, it is better to use gauze tampons.
The second step will be to treat the injured paw pad with an antiseptic solution, which uses, hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine, the weak solution of potassium permanganate.
For convenience, you can use a disposable syringe, which is filled with disinfectant.
After processing, place around the wound in the dog on the paws should be anointed with iodine to remove the swelling. In the wound itself, iodine or solution cannot be poured, as this can cause a burn of muscle tissue, because of which the cut will heal longer.
Then you should impregnate the gauze antibacterial ointment and apply to the pad on the paw (these preparations can be applied directly to the wound). The dressing is carried out every 1-2 days (depending on the state of the injury). For additional protection on a sick paw, you can wear a baby’s socks or even an umbrella cover. To the dog could not tear the bandage, the design is fixed with adhesive tape or plaster on the narrowest part of the limb. To change the bandage, you just need to cut the scotch with scissors.
The most common mistake that inexperienced dog owner make is if the dog has severely cut the paw, is the use of a tourniquet over the wound. Not all owners know how to do it right, so the result of wrong actions can be increased bleeding, while a regular bandage will stop the blood within 15 minutes.
If the dog cuts the cushion on the paws pad, in no case can the open wound be treated with its own or applied to it with loose medicines, for example, Streptocide? It is necessary to refuse such means, as they burn muscle tissue, especially if the wounds are deep. This leads to the formation of abscesses, which aggravates the course of the disease, and the cuts heal much more slowly. In addition, the blood turns into a crusted crust, which also worsens the patient’s condition and causes him discomfort.
In the process of treatment, care must be taken that the dog does not have the opportunity to lick the wounds on the pads of the paws. It is believed that saliva has a curative effect, but this is an erroneous opinion. In the language of the animal, there is a mass of bacteria and microorganisms, which, falling into the cut site, can lead to serious inflammation. The wound, lashed by the dog, heals twice as slowly. To prevent this, it is recommended to put a special collar on the dog, which prevents him from licking the damaged area.
Steps to treat a dog’s torn paw pad
Healthy pads are important for dogs, so their injuries require close attention. Never lose sight of if your dog limps or licks them. Paw pads in dogs can be cut, punctured or burned.
Damaged pads cannot be sewn, so healing cuts and punctures can take quite some time. Walking on the injured leg often hinders and delays healing. If the dog starts an infection, a simple cut may end up with a much more serious problem than a leg injury. Since even minor injuries of the pads can be stubborn, a good idea is to provide first aid at home, and then you need to contact the veterinarian as soon as possible. Steps to treat a dog’s torn paw pad:
- First you have to start with cleaning the wound. Remove all foreign objects, such as glass or metal debris, that could get stuck in the cushion. If a foreign object can be removed with tweezers, carefully remove it. Rinsing the paw with cold water, for example, from a hose, will help to remove tiny particles. If the fragments and dirt are deep, then leave them alone. An anxiety of too deep a wound can worsen the trauma and cause pain. Cautious and safe removal of deep fragments will make a veterinarian who can calm the dog, to make the procedure more comfortable. To disinfect the wound, use a mild antibacterial soap or betadine.
- To stop bleeding, use a clean towel, which gently presses on the wound. Bleeding with minor cuts stops within a few minutes, but deep wounds can bleed significantly longer. In addition, bleeding can resume if the dog tries to walk on his leg. If you can not stop the bleeding within 10-15 minutes, then you should immediately seek veterinary care.
- Bandage the wound. Use gauze tampons to gently surround the pillow and absorb blood. It is important to bandage the dog’s paw including the ankle (wrist). Such a dressing will prevent swelling of the injury and slipping of the bandage. Make sure that the bandage is not tampering with a tear, you should be able to insert a finger between the bandage and the dog’s foot.
- Change the bandage daily. If your dog chews a bandage, then try spraying on it an unpleasant product, for example, a bitter apple. Keep the bandage in a plastic bag when it walks over wet grass. Closely inspect the dressing, perhaps, it will show damp discharge or an unpleasant smell. In this case, you should contact the veterinarian, as this may be a sign of infection. If the wound will bleed even after three days, then you need to make a repeated appeal to the veterinarian, who can prescribe powerful antibiotics and other medications that promote faster healing.
What if the dog burns the paw pads
In addition to cuts and punctures, dogs often burn their feet with high temperatures and chemicals. If your dog licks the bases of his legs or limps after a summer or winter walk, you should calm her paws in a bath at room temperature. If the pads become discolored or begin to peel off, contact the veterinarian. Severe burns should be handled professionally.
Burns pads paws in dogs can also be caused by chemicals. If your dog has stepped on caustic substance, then you should hold her foot under running water for a few minutes. Then rinse the paw with soap and wipe thoroughly. To avoid skin irritation, you should carry out the procedure with gloves.
Apply antibiotic ointment on the burn and bandage the paw. Regularly inspect and monitor the healing of the wound.
Prevention of paw pad from injuries
To avoid such injuries, inspect all the places where your dog walks and plays. Remove all possible shards of glass, metal and other sharp objects. Avoid walking on hot sidewalks in the summer and protect the dog’s legs during the winter. Remember that if you cannot walk barefoot in a certain area, your dog will not be able either!
When should I go to the vet
Even if you have started medical aid to a dog and correctly treated her wound, do not neglect the visit to a specialist. Only a veterinarian can evaluate how severely the pad is cut, to stitch seams when necessary. He will also tell you how to treat a pet.
It often happens that foreign objects fall into a narrow deep wound that are not visible to the naked eye, and surgical intervention is required to extract them.
Be sure to take the dog to the veterinarian in the following cases:
- If cut the tissues between the fingers.
- Deformation of tendons, ligaments.
- Damage to the nail plate or joint.
Such traumas can lead to interdigital inflammation, rejection of the skin and, as a result, a complete restriction in movement.
Even if a dog has injured a paw pad, this is not an excuse to completely abandon walks with it. The first two days for pet dog will be difficult to move around, but then you can not only walk with him, but you also need to. To prevent deterioration of the wound and the development of the inflammatory process, the toe should be worn with a toe cap, on top of it, a bag fixed with a plaster or adhesive tape.
Walking with a dog, you need to watch that it does not attack the sharp stones and glass, you need to watch the house so that it does not play with sharp, pricking and cutting objects.