Find the best treatments to stop reverse sneezing in dogs and ways to prevent it. Learn what are the different reasons that cause reverse sneezing and food to feed when your dog is suffering from reverse sneezing.
With a cough, mucous discharge from the nose in pets is quite often seen by owner. As a rule, these symptoms do not threaten anything serious. But if the dog shows something unusual, the breeders immediately prefer to show their pet to the vet. This is the case, for example, when they notice a reverse sneezing in dogs.
The scenario of reverse sneezing can continue for a some seconds to several minutes. Immediately after the attack, the dog behaves, as if nothing had happened, it does not show any concern. Actually, this is a good differential sign, which makes it possible to distinguish this disorder from something more serious (a foreign body in the airways or asthma). In fairly rare cases, pathology is cause by migrating worm larvae. It is quite easy to suspect such an option in such situations, the reverse sneezing is observed almost exclusively at night, during the activation of parasites.
Reverse sneezing (usually) is caused by a convulsion of throat and soft palate. Spasm is caused by irritation of the throat, throat or larynx region. The most common reasons are agitation, stressful situations, tight collar or wrongly picked up the harness, some irritating substances from the external environment (household chemicals, cosmetics, pollen). In other cases, a sudden temperature drop can cause a reverse sneezing. In very rare situations, the phenomenon is due to the appearance of some kind of respiratory infection or parasitic disease.
Reverse sneezing, in contrast, used dogs and not only for grasping air as possible into the nasal passages to get rid of the extraneous stimuli in nasal sinuses or throat.
Cough in dogs
From a medical point of view, the reverse sneezing is called a reversible type of a cough or paroxysmal respiratory type. This kind of sneezing in dogs is more like the vomiting of an animal. The dog tries to sneeze, but instead of the traditional sneezing, a series of short-lived convulsive breaths are mixed, mixed with wheezing, snorting and snoring.
The body of the animal at such times is very tense, the neck is stretched forward, the chest is tense and enlarged in size. The dog takes a comfortable position for her, namely, pulling in front paws, falls on the abdominal part. Most dogs have increased the amount of saliva released, which, at first glance, may seem to the owners, hinders the intake of air. The attack of the reverse breath in dogs takes time from a few seconds to several minutes, although, as a rule, everything stops within a minute.
This ailment is especially common in dogs of small breeds. This is because they have a trachea not particularly large in size. Brachycephalic breeds, such as Pugs, Pekingese, Shar-pei, Bulldogs, etc., also have an elongated soft palate, which, with ordinary inspiration, has the property of being sucked into the windpipe. This is the main cause of convulsive respiratory movements.
Causes of reverse sneezing in dogs
Among the majority of veterinarians, there is an opinion that it arises from nervous overwork, overexcitement, inhalation of sharp strong odors or ingress of foreign objects into the nasopharynx. However, let us turn to the generally accepted premises of reverse breathing:
- li>Allergic reactions to odors, pollen, smoke, fungal formations or dust.
- Reaction to small foreign bodies in the airways.
- Disorders in the structure of the nasopharynx and respiratory tract.
- A sharp change in the temperature regime in the environment.
- Rapid rate of swallowing food or liquids.
- Strong collision of the neck with a collar when pulling the leash during a walk.
- Excessive physical exertion or lack of oxygen in the room.
Diagnose reverse sneezing in dogs
To diagnose reverse sneezing, one hundred percent must be convinced that this is not an ordinary cough and sneezing caused by pathological changes in the animal’s body. In most situations, after a short reflux, the seizures go away without a medical or proprietary care and do not have serious worsening effects on the overall condition of the dog. But there are also cases when veterinary care is still worth resorting to.
Reverse breath in dogs can manifest as a symptom of other, more significant pathologies. That is why, in the first place, it is recommended to check and exclude:
- Foreign bodies in the respiratory system.
- Rhinitis and laryngitis of different etiological species.
- Among the infectious: adenovirus, parainfluenza, bordetellosis (inflammation of the trachea, bronchi and lungs), herpes viruses, as well as chlamydia and others.
- Among the parasitic problems, the presence of various mites or fleas.
- Among the chronic problems includes with the teeth of the animal.
- Tumor or other neoplasms in the respiratory system.
- General negative changes in the respiratory system, for example, collapse of the larynx, trachea.
- Increased hyperplasia or widespread lengthening of the soft palate.
It is worth paying special attention to situations when the attacks of reverse sneezing occur in young pets or puppies. Consultation with a specialist, in this case, is urgently needed, since such clinical symptomatology often signals the development of the first stages of bronchial asthma.
Treatments to stop reverse sneezing in dogs
Here you must first determine whether it is necessary for a pet. When the seizures are repeated rarely and do not interfere with the livelihoods of the animal, treatment of this pathology can be avoided, but again, preferably after a medical consultation. If the seizures become more frequent, then, if possible, the cause of the malaise should be eliminated.
If the animal’s organism simply reacts to allergic changes, then the best treatment will be the usual pet isolation from allergens and the subsequent course of using antihistamines. For causes of an infectious nature, the animal is given specific therapy with courses of immunomodulators and antibacterial drugs. In some cases, surgical intervention will be recommended, for example, if there are abnormalities in the airway device.
Despite the fact that for the most part, the reverse sneezing takes place without any external influences, owners of pets prone to such ailments should familiarize themselves with the basic rules of first aid. This usually helps in cases when a specialist’s appointment is planned for many days ahead, and it is not desirable to observe the pet’s bouts and harass them.
- It is necessary to stroke the dog under the lower jaw and in the throat area. Such actions will contribute to the swallowing reflex, relieve tension from the throat muscles, and also help restore the respiratory cycle of the pet.
- Carefully put the head of the dog in one position with one hand, and the second block the intake of air into the nasal sinuses, covering the nostrils. Eventually, the dog will be forced to breathe not with his nose. She will open her mouth and take a deep breath, after which the attack will stop or at least decrease. You can also try to close the nostrils of the pet with one hand, and the other to stroke her throat. In this case, the dog will increase salivation, and she will have to open her mouth to inhale and swallow the accumulated saliva. Saliva, in this respect, will be much more effective than air.
- It is recommended to blow your dog into the nose.
- Suggest a pet to drink water.
- Slapping movements stimulate the swallowing of saliva.
Completing the syndrome of reverse sneezing in dogs, it will not be superfluous to re-draw the owners attention to the possibility of both serious pathologies and their absence, because for dogs such attacks are normal physiological processes of the body.
Immediately after the first time noticed reverse sneezing, the dog should be carefully scrutinized. If the situation recurs, then there is a suspicion that the problem can become chronic. The consultation of a veterinarian is strictly necessary, because the sooner the presence or absence of a pathology is revealed, the easier it will be in the future to rid the dog of such unpleasant processes. The veterinarians will diagnose and establish the causes of reverse sneezing. When your dog is suffering from reverse sneezing you should feed her only dry food, meat, special canned food consulted by the vet.